The fox and the hare feature in the iconography of the Greek God Dionysos, most notably in this image on a panel amphora by the Amasis Painter in the Staaltliche Antikensammlung in Munich. There were many sects of Dionysian worshippers throughout the Greek world and its periphery.
One of the most notable of these was the Thracian Bassarids who dressed exclusively in fox-skin clothing. In a fragment of Aeschylus' lost play The Edonians Dionysos himself is described as wearing a long cloak of fox fur. In late Roman mosaics Dionysos' rival, the Thracian Orpheus, is shown singing and playing his lyre to the animals. The fox features among these and is sometimes the only one present. The fox also appears in the myth of the Teumessian Vixen which was sent by Dionysos as a curse on the city of Thebes. All these stories can only be understood properly in the context of astral mythology.